The curator is indebted to and has quoted from the following scholarly sources: Buchhart, Dieter, et. al., Edvard Munch: Signs of Modern Art, (exhibition catalogue), Fondation Beyeler, Basel, 2007; Chang, Alison W., Negotiating Modernity: Edvard Munch’s Late Figural Work, 1900-1925, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Pennsylvania, 2010; Eggum, Arne, Munch and Photography. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987; Frizot, Michel, “L’âme, au fond: L’activité photographique de Munch et Stringberg,” in Lumière du monde, Lumière du ciel, Visions du Nord, (exhibition catalogue), Musee d'Art moderne de la Ville de Paris, 1998; Holt, Cecilia Tyri, Edvard Munch Fotografier, Forlaget Press, 2013; Kermabon, Jacques, et. al., Pathé: Premier empire du cinéma (exhibition catalogue), Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1994; Lampe, Angela and Clément Chéroux, et. al., Edvard Munch: The Modern Eye, (exhibition catalogue), Tate, London, 2007; Woll, Gerd, Edvard Munch: Complete Graphic Works, Oslo: Orfeus Publishing AS, 2012.
This is one of the first cinema cameras intended for home use. The lightweight apparatus had a built-in clockwork which enabled amateurs such as Munch to make hand-held films. Pathé’s projectors made it possible to view the results at home.